Monday, August 24, 2020

Legislations health and social care Essay

Wellbeing and security: It’s significant for everybody to be in a sheltered domain so they can do day by day undertakings without feeling frightened and awkward of something will transpire for certain so that’s why in each human services setting the wellbeing and security at work act 1974 has been presented so they would safe be able to watch helpless patients in their consideration. Suppliers in social insurance settings need to give a portion of the accompanying administrations to guarantee that the administration clients and the representatives themselves are sheltered when working for instance: They have to give and keep up wellbeing when utilizing equipment’s Provide a protected work environment Guarantee gear is utilized securely, put away and conveyed starting with one spot then onto the next. Give a protected spot to have a sense of security and invited consistently Take care of the wellbeing and security of others. Food standard guideline: The food standard guideline is one of the most significant enactment in a human services setting in light of the fact that most emergency clinics, care homes, schools and so on all serve food and it should be in a decent standard for the administration clients to eat it without getting brutally sick for instance poor cleanliness can result to irregularity of various nourishments contrasted with the others which can make the individual sick. For the administration uses to eat without turning out to be sick this enactments encourages control the laborers to do a portion of the accompanying The controls include: Premises are spotless and in a decent condition of fix Great waste, lighting and ventilation Adequate waste removal offices Can offices for staff Hardware is in acceptable condition and kept clean Additionally another rule they ought to follow would be the temperature of the food should be checked all together for the food to be served without anyâ complications and here is the temperature rule for the nourishments being put away in explicit spots: It is an offense to permit food to be kept at temperatures that would make a hazard wellbeing, so you should ensure food sources that need temperature control are kept at the correct temperature. Nourishments that should be kept hot ought to be kept at 63Â °C or above Foods that should be kept virus ought to be kept at 8Â °C or underneath (ideally at 5Â °C or beneath) Foods that should be kept solidified ought to be kept between - 18Â °C to - 24Â °C Manual dealing with guidelines Manual dealing with guidelines is an enactment that was presented in 1992 for the wellbeing of the individuals who handle hardware for instance individuals who work in an industry will convey equipment’s and consequently this enactment was presented so the individuals can deal with gear securely without harming themselves. It was found by a study that 3 out of 5 individuals endured a typical physical issue known as musculoskeletal injury which made numerous individuals hurt themselves gravely some still haven’t recuperated from it. This enactment dodges individuals lifting something that their body can't do, likewise maintains a strategic distance from unsafe manual taking care of. This is the thing that the workers follow: Use gear securely as indicated by directions and preparing, promptly announcing any deformities to their line director/administrators. Check every thing of manual taking care of hardware is in safe working request before use

Saturday, August 22, 2020

NGOs are an effective force in processes of conflict resolution and Essay - 1

NGOs are a compelling power in procedures of compromise and recuperating. Talk about utilizing models - Essay Example Kinds of NGOs In present day times, there has been the rise of Non-legislative associations otherwise called NGOs and these have assumed various jobs in this cutting edge society. This is particularly with the enrollment and acknowledgment, just as incorporation of NGOs into the United Nations to aid arrangement of administrations to underestimated regions and even serve the requirements of minority gatherings (Crowe p.1796). A portion of the jobs that are played by NGOs incorporate; arrangement of helpful administrations that would some way or another not be accessible to specific pieces of the human populace. What's more, arrangement of a stage for the populace to air its complaints to the remainder of the world and even pioneers, and fill in as a scaffold between the remainder of the world and neighborhood networks in which these NGOs work from and inside. Along these lines, there are various sorts and types of NGOs that fill various needs and in various regions for different populaces. Accordi ngly, in view of the meaning of NGOs as non-benefit association, they can be sorted into network based associations, which are little personal association that are run only by individuals and based out of locally accessible assets. Another sort of NGO is the middle person NGO that includes the utilization of paid staff to offer social types of assistance to people and other association, while there is another sort, which is the go-between NGO focussing on strategy and backing which mirror the requirements of both nearby networks and different NGOs, just as associations (Nesbit p.9). The last sort of NGO is the one that bargains in universal alleviation and improvement, and comprises of expert staff and is found in numerous nations through branches and parts. Helpful Efforts With the above data, it easy to think of various jobs of NGOs as these orders explain what every association does and at what level. Subsequently, in compromise and mending, NGOs jobs can be clarified and delineated after their structure. The principal manner by which NGOs are a compelling power during the time spent compromise and recuperating is following their philanthropic administrations arrangement to populaces that need them. In light of this, the key job is the mending procedure and not on compromise, in spite of the fact that from an alternate point of view this is accomplished. By offering helpful types of assistance, for example, clinical supplies and wellbeing administrations, where those that are influenced or influenced networks are presented with administrations that take out human enduring in both warring camps of networks in strife. In that capacity, the principal classification of NGOs is knowledgeable in this by being the prompt wellspring of these compassionate administrations where they utilize just what they need to accommodate their own kin and even others structure the camps in strife. Through this, the warring populace is united by human enduring particularly concerning ailments and wounds, just as wounds to make harmony and participate for their own prosperity (Clapham p.522). This is apparent in instances of Sierra Leone, where network based NGOs met up and served to alleviate the impacts or results of the contention in the nation. This was through offering clinical types of assistance to the injured and in any event, reusing administration to those that came later until a genial understanding was reached to

Thursday, July 16, 2020

How to Write a Product Release Plan

How to Write a Product Release Plan All endeavors start from one point: a plan. Planning is an integral part of every process, and it is said that, without planning, there is very little to zero rate of success. When starting a business or working on expanding it, you need a plan, and that is embodied in a business plan. When developing new products, there is also a need to draw up the product plans. Prior to releasing a new product, documentation is also required, and that is in the form of the Product Release Plan, which is also sometimes known as the Product Launch Plan. © | Rawpixel.comIn this article, you will learn about 1) the basics of product release planning, 2) the product release planning process, 3) the product release plan, 4) a template for a product release plan, and 5) the concept of agile product release planning.PRODUCT RELEASE PLANNING BASICSYou cannot expect to have a successful product launch if you do not have a solid plan in place on how to go about it. Look at the tech companies when they launch new products. They do not do it haphazardly or in half-hearted manners. They go “all-out”, and these are largely thanks to a lot of planning and execution that went behind the scenes. More often than not, the product launch is indicative of the success of the product and, eventually, of the business.Product release planning is the process of deciding which features will be offered and, if so, in which of the future product releases will they be incorporated. It also covers the release period, or the interval until t he time that the product is released.Let us put it this way: customers, as well as all the other stakeholders, are constantly looking for new and more features. The question is, what features should be released next? Why should these features be selected instead of the others? When will it be released? Product release planning aims to answer all these questions.A good example can be seen in the software industry, where products are usually delivered in releases. While some prefer to do one-time big releases, others opt to make the releases on an incremental basis. Some do it annually while others choose to release on a semi-annual or quarterly basis.Benefits of Product Release PlanningProduct release planning provides several benefits to businesses, and they include the following:It improves the communication within the organization â€" among members, horizontally and vertically.It provides the business a clearer view of its objectives and goals since it facilitates the alignment of the goals of the business and its programs.It allows the business to identify its dependencies.It encourages coordination among and between teams, programs and projects within the business.It improves business efficiencies by matching demand to capacity since it decreases (and even eliminates) excess works in progress.Challenges Faced in Product Release PlanningProduct Release Planning is actually quite a complex process, and one that cannot be easily learned by reading a book or browsing many articles.The difficulties encountered in release planning are caused by the following:Unclear and vague features. If the features or specifications are not properly and completely presented, they will be difficult to understand, and virtually makes evaluating them near to impossible.Project size and complexity. Not all projects are the same. Some are bigger than others, and there are projects that are more complex than the rest.Fast pace of change. Change is constant, and it also affects rele ase planning. As the project is underway, it is inevitable that some changes may take place. Some features planned on before may no longer make sense several months into the development of the project. The priority of the company may also change over time, and it is also possible that the business will encounter situations that will affect its resources and its ability to fund what was originally planned.Uncertain, incomplete and inconsistent information. There is a certain degree of difficulty in obtaining data needed for release planning. Most are estimates, so there is also some uncertainty thrown into the mix.THE PRODUCT RELEASE PLANNING PROCESSNormally, it is advised that product planning begin at least one year before the product is set to be released in the market. Below is a comprehensive guide through product release planning.Step 1.     It starts with a product idea. Check if someone has already thought of the same idea. If there is already a listing indicating that someon e beat you to the punch, check if they are exactly the same. Take note of differences, and think how to make your idea more attractive.Step 2.     Conduct market research. This is to primarily determine if there is demand for the product you have in mind. Compare the demand with that of similar products that already exist. You should also identify who your target market is or who your potential customers are. The market research will also guide you when determining costing and pricing.Step 3.     Determine the resources you will require from the time you start developing the product until it is released. Check if you have available sources of funding, manpower, and the skill sets required for the product.Step 4.     Look into possible channels or modes of distribution, and decide which one will be most beneficial.Step 5.     Develop a product prototype and conduct testing and trial runs. Tweak, rework and modify until the product has met your standards.Step 6.     Set a product rele ase date. It is important to leave sufficient time between the actual release date and the time you set it. That interval will be used for you to build awareness about your product and hype up the public about it. This can be done through various marketing programs and techniques. Releasing samples is also a good idea.Step 7.     Release the product.However, some businesses are more particular in their release planning and conduct them in stages, starting with its preliminary release planning. In this initial stage, the goal is to make a rough estimate on the features that will be delivered once the fixed release deadline comes around. In some cases, the preliminary release planning is also conducted in order to choose a tentative delivery date for a given set of features or specifications of the product.The results of the initial planning stage will be the basis of the business on whether to drop the product, or proceed with its release.THE PRODUCT RELEASE PLANThe product release p lan (or the product launch plan), although there is no formal form that you should follow, must contain the vital information regarding the product release.Contents of the Product Release PlanRelease requirements: In the book “Manage It!” by Johanna Rothman, she identified three components of every project:Driver: The most critical component, this is the item that the project absolutely cannot do without. Examples are the features of the product (these are the reasons why customers will buy it) and the date of release of the finished product.Constraints: Although the project is not hinged on the presence of these constraints, they are still considered to be vital to its success. The most common constraints include budget, resources, and technical aspects.Floats: These are the components that the company can actually control or manage.Release criteria: These will denote that the release is ready to be delivered or shipped to the market. If the criteria are met, then the product i s ready for launch. Some examples include specific features (e.g. the number of defects) and a deadline or timeline.Release goals: What are the items that are supposed to be completed simultaneously with the release? For example, the business may be planning on conducting another set of tests for the product, aside from the previously planned automated testing process. These are not necessarily the expected end results but more like those that are expected to also be realized when the release has been completed.Schedule overview: Releasing the product will involve a timetable. Provide an overview of the schedule or the timing of the various activities involved in the release. What is the release deadline? Normally, release deadlines are fixed by specific activities such as contractual terms and obligations, pressure from accounting or even from stakeholders, and tradeshows where the product is meant to be launched. When scheduling, the most recommended methodology involves setting m ilestones first and working your way down. For each milestone, write down or include the estimated date for its completion. This will give you a more organized and chronological order to things.Risks: Enumerate the potential risks that the product being launched is likely to face, or the overall risks that the whole process of releasing the product will, in all probability, encounter. By identifying the possible risks, the business will be able to formulate decisions to mitigate them, so they will be better prepared to deal with potential problems that may arise.TEMPLATE OF A SAMPLE PRODUCT RELEASE PLANThe Product Release Plan document usually contains the following sections:Executive SummaryGo to Market PlanProduct Release MilestonesPlans and Deliverables (usually by department)Launch Budget and Revenue ForecastPricingInternational Support PlanRiskLaunch Status CommunicationsAppendicesFor some businesses, product releases can be a hit or a miss. However, with proper planning of all the activities and other variables involved in product release, the business will have higher chances of having a successful product release.LEARNING THE CONCEPT OF AGILE RELEASE PLANNINGRelease planning is considered to be one of the most important stages of product development since you will be essentially committing yourself to a plan for delivering product value in increments or intervals. In the agile world, release planning largely depends on the agile team’s (also called ‘development team’ and ‘delivery team’) velocity, or the amount of work that the team can finish for each iteration. The basis of estimates in the release plan will be the track record of said team on their last development project, if any.Agile release planning essentially follows the basics of your regular release planning, but with certain modifications. We will try to look into them next.Scope of Agile Release PlanningDuration of software or product development. The ultimate goal of software de velopment is to bring the software to the end users in the shortest time possible. This is also one way to enable the development team to be able to make tweaks or necessary corrections and adjustments. That is the reason why, more than keeping their sights on a specific release deadline, it is more important to make sure the release software development cycles are kept short, from 3 months to 6 months, as long as it does not exceed one year.Delivery of software to users. At the end of every iteration, it is possible to deliver the developed software in increments. Some businesses do this in longer intervals, such as 2 or 3 iterations.Clear separation of duties and responsibilities. During the product or software development, it is so easy for team members to be confused on what their roles are. That’s why it is important to make sure that the responsibilities of the programmers or developers and the customers are clearly defined and distinguished. For example, it is the customers who will decide what they need and want the software to be developed; it is the programmers who will be responsible in executing the tasks necessary to address those needs and wants.Preliminary Agile Release PlanningAgile release planning also fosters the need to conduct initial release planning meetings, where the members of the team will be discussing, albeit roughly, the following issues, among others:When the release deadline or delivery date will be;The features that are expected to be delivered by the deadline;A rough estimate on the amount of work and resources required for each feature.Getting in touch with users or customers and their stories will give you an idea what they need. List them all down, and then proceed to prioritizing them according to importance. Talking with users as well as members of the team will greatly help in the prioritization stage. What follows will be the estimation by the Scrum team. It’s all right if the prioritization and effort estimation ar e rough initially, because the agile team will go through them again for refining. Once they have been refined, it is time to consider them alongside the team’s velocity.It is also during the initial planning stage that the team’s known velocity will play an important role. If the velocity is known, it will be fairly easier for them to estimate the number of iterations that will be needed in order to finish and deliver a set of features or functionality. In the event that there is no known velocity, they have to look for another valid way of making an approximation.In an agile setting, facts and verifiable data will prevail over sentiments. Decisions are made by using real metrics and, if needed, negotiations. In fact, there are only two variables that can be adjusted are the scope of the project and the deadline. The other factors, such as the resources and the expected quality of the output, are more difficult to tweak, although not entirely impossible.With the data gathered a nd organized, the team will then be more confident about setting a date to start the project, as well as the length of the iterations. Scheduling, timing, and assigning tasks will also be facilitated.Continuous Release PlanningAgile projects move forward through continuous planning, and agile teams perform corrections along the way. These are aptly called “course corrections” where the release plan is allowed to respond to the various feedback it encounters along the way and, simultaneously, effect the necessary changes to address any issues or problems.This is why, in agile release planning, it is not uncommon to see some deviations from the initial plan. The development team that started working on the project may not be intact at the end of the process because they realized a need for additional staff along the way. Course correction may also reveal that there are some staff members that are superfluous to the team and would be more needed in other projects.The features that have been earlier tagged as priorities by customers may also change, and these will require revisions on the part of the development team. Therefore, in agile release planning, release plan revisions for each iteration are a given, provided they remain faithful to the original goals.Naturally, it should also be noted that the revisions must be shared with the members of the team and the stakeholders each iteration. This is to keep them up to speed and assure them that you are still on track with the project.Wrapping Up the Release PlanningAn agile team with considerable experience in agile projects will definitely have little to no trouble delivering functionalities in every iteration. Those with less experience may take a bit longer, but they will still get there. This explains some variations on the number of iterations that will be required by agile teams to be able to deliver.Ideally, in an agile world, there would no longer be a need for development teams to conduct activities such as system-wide integrations, bug fixing, and testing. However, this is not a hard and fast rule. Some teams still perform these tasks and even diligently complete user documentation. This will largely depend on factors such as the organizational structure, the complexity of the system and its deployment, and the practices and culture observed by the team and the organization it belongs to.

Thursday, May 21, 2020

What Is Good Ethics And Morality - 2020 Words

How do we know what is good? Or perhaps a better question would be, what is The Good? Ethics and morality are inescapable entities that impose themselves on human experience, which is why philosophers of all eras have grappled with the same questions. Two inquisitors in particular include Plato and Aristotle, philosophers who dominated Greek thought in the third century B.C. whose works have managed profound impacts in the following millennia. Although in some respects the master and his student disagree in regards to the question â€Å"What is Good?†, an undeniable compatibility exists between their metaphysical conclusions. Plato believed in the Forms and Aristotle believed in Eudaimonia. This study will demonstrate that, although different, both philosophers’ ideas of the ‘Good’ must exist apart from human-kind and moreover, must exist absolutely. As A.W. Price observes in his Virtue and Reason, â€Å"Explicit in Plato’s Lysis is the centrality of an end of action that is not identified, but has implicitly to be identical to eudaimonia†. Likewise we will approach these concepts in terms of Plato’s (whatever mat will talk about) as well as Aristotle’s doctrine of the middle position as means aspiring to the end goal of The Good. Plato addresses the idea of The Good first in respect to the Holy in his Euthyphro where he entreats his readers both during his age and our’s to think and contemplate both the actions that are occurring around us and the line of reason that is leading toShow MoreRelatedThe Distinction Of Ethics And Morality1307 Words   |  6 PagesThe Distinction Of Ethics And Morality: The use of the words ethics and morality are often confused with each other especially these are commonly used in Philosophy and other related fields. This paper will discuss the distinction between these two concepts. According to Gammel (2007), the difference between the terms morality and ethics has a very thin line particularly in the daily language. Adding to this confusion is that other philosophical resources and materials use the terms interchangeablyRead MoreSummary Of Morality Play And Harrison Bergeron1215 Words   |  5 PagesCommonly, decisions have outcomes: good or bad. But what determines whether it is good or evil? Everything can have consequences, however, it can be positive or negative. If someone went through a red light, they can get a ticket (negative) so in order to put them in a good direction, they would not repeat their mistake. In order to understand these terms, ask yourself; what does it mean to do what you want and what you are allowed? Ethics is having rules of what others people have conducted. SomeRead MoreThe Doctrine Of The Divine Command Theory1488 Words   |  6 Pagesand either way, why? Christian morality is centered on assessing the ethical implications of us as people. Who we ought and be, and what actions we ought to take or avoid based on an understanding of the scripture and relevant human experiences. I do not subscribe to the divine command theory (DCT) of ethics, as I believe you can have ethics without God. The DCT proposes that what is morally right is what God has commanded (for example, love thy neighbor), and what is forbidden by God is morallyRead MoreEssay on Contrasting Kand and Hume on Morality1510 Words   |  7 PagesMorality is central to all rational beings, whereby a moral action is one determined by reason, rather than our personal desires as suggested by Kant (1785) in contrast to Hume. (1738). Furthermore, Kant suggests that an action is moral only on account of its being reasoned, therefore the moral worth of an action is determined by its motives and not by its consequences. 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This seems to contrast with the view of John Paul II, in the senseRead MoreDiscussion of The Issues Raised in Meta-Ethics Essay1454 Words   |  6 PagesDiscussion of The Issues Raised in Meta-Ethics Ethics is the study of how people behave, and how they should behave. It is based on ideas of what is morally good. But, in order to understand ethics, a definition of good needs to be determined. Here, one sees that such ideas will vary from person to person and from culture to culture. Likewise, such ideas explain why there is such a variety of moral systems in use today and a marked difference in the level of commitmentRead MoreSimilarities and Differences in Virtue Theory, Utilitarianism, and Deontological Ethics Eth/316954 Words   |  4 Pagesin Virtue Theory, Utilitarianism, and Deontological Ethics When talking about ethics it is hard to distinguish between ethics and morality. It is also hard to distinguish exactly what realm of ethics contributes to my everyday decisions. Ethics can be defined as â€Å"well-founded standards of right and wrong that prescribe what humans ought to do, usually in terms of rights, obligations, benefits to society, fairness, or specific virtues [and] ethics refers to the study and development of ones ethicalRead MoreThe Ethics Of Foucault And Today1166 Words   |  5 PagesKarlton Ruf Professor General Philosophy 28 June 2015 The Ethics of Foucault and Today Ethics has been studied from different spectrums throughout time whether political or moral based, a collective or individual effort, philosophers have studied theses values based on what is right and wrong. One thinker who is not commonly seen as a philosopher but referred to in countless works is Michel Foucault. Michel Foucault was a French historian and Philosopher and is known more for his works of â€Å"histories

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

There Has Always Been A Fascination With The Self, Often

There has always been a fascination with the self, often expressed in literature; Both Robert Louis Stevenson’s The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1886) and Daniel Keyes’ Flowers for Algernon (1966) published nearly one-hundred years later, explore the theme of the importance of self-knowledge. Both The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde and Flowers for Algernon explore cases of self-alienation catalyzed by a quest for self-knowledge. The main character’s self-alienation stems from an attempt to comprehend the fact that both characters see a part of themselves as contrary to the whole of themselves. The only way they can comprehend that part of them is to separate that piece of themselves into an alternate persona. Both†¦show more content†¦Charlie says that Other Charlie is just waiting in the back of his head for Charlie to lose control, interfering at points of intense emotion (248). This isolation of a portion of their personalities makes truly knowing themselves impossible, because they refuse to acknowledge this part of themselves as a piece of their personality, they can never truly know themselves Understanding one’s past is key to understanding oneself. Both of these books examine the past of the character for answers about themselves, and both come up short. In Flowers for Algernon, Charlie struggles to remember his past; when he finds out his intelligence is limited, one of the first tasks he undertakes is to visit his mother and find out more about the parts of his past he does not remember. He says â€Å"†¦I can’t be a complete person unless I can understand myself...† (264). One of the first topics discussed in Jekyll’s report of the case is his examination of his past as a possible cause for his evil streak. Even Jekyll’s friends turn to his past for an explanation of his odd behavior; they assume a mistake from his youth had come back to haunt him. Charlie, too, fails in his quest to understand himself through his past. His sister barely remembers him and his mother’s mind is so far gone he can barely hold a conversation w ith her; Like Jekyll’s, his examination of his past finds no reason why he would have gone bad. Because of their struggles toShow MoreRelatedSerial Killers And The Criminal Justice System1704 Words   |  7 Pagesserial killer by definition of the Federal Bureau of Investigation is a person who kills three or more people on different occasions (Barkan and Bryjak 70). Serial killers have been present in societies all throughout history, giving researchers opportunities to study them and bringing attention to their name. 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If mere fascination for all things thatRead MoreWestern Culture And Its Influence On The Minority Groups1530 Words   |  7 PagesWestern culture is and has been influenced by the values and norms of the majorities dominant ideologies. The ruling class determines the acceptance of discourse and interaction within given settings. This creates a sense of difficulty for minority groups whose customs, values, and norms are not acclimated to the ideologies of the dominant actants. To obtain acceptance within a foreign culture or society, the minority are requested to adapt and adhere to the new se t of values. In the brief videoRead MoreAnalysis Of The Poem Fandom Of The Walking Dead 1167 Words   |  5 Pagesmigrated to the zombie tale without any particular connection to the comic book storytelling, or significant fascination. The series’ fandom illuminates how an apocalyptic imagination has expanded into popular culture. The Walking Dead fandom has changed from geek standard. 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What Makes a Good Coach Free Essays

string(102) " as for guidance and advice on a verity of issue thus making the coach a very influential individual\." SPORTS COACHING What makes a good coach? Coaches can come in all shape and sizes and use a variety of techniques and methods. Some may be great tacticians with a deep knowledge of the sport whereas others may be great motivators. But whether it candlin or capello all coaches have roles and responsibility in order to make them effective leaders. We will write a custom essay sample on What Makes a Good Coach or any similar topic only for you Order Now †¢In a coaching role it is needed for you to develop the skills of organising, safety, providing instruction, explanation, and demonstrating, observing, analysing and providing feedback. There are number of roles and responsibilities that a coach must maintain. A number of roles are included and many more are involved. †¢Roles that a good coach may display are : Innovator- sport is constantly changing and it is down to the coach to adapt to those changes, whether it’s a change to the rules a change environment or a change in personnel, it is down to the coach to solve the problems that they may encounter. good coach will draw on past experiences and their knowledge of the sport, or in some cases other sports, to come up with new ideas and approaches, whether this be to make training more fun and effective, push an athlete to new levels, adapt to new rules such as the way rugby coaches had to adapt some tactics when ELV’S were introduced or whether its just to keep up rivals. A good coach will always be thinking about what they can do different,, a famous quote says â€Å"if you always do what you have always done, you will always get what you always got† basically if you do the same thing all the time you will always get the same results you will never improve, it coaching is about development and improvement so there is a need for coaches to be bold enough to try new things in order to improve performance and results. Top level coaches have access to a wide verity of resources such as sports scientists ,psychologists, and technical knowledge, and should use this to create new and innovate approaches/ tactics to gain every possible advantage, for example London wasps and Wales coach Shaun Edwards brought the technique of blitz defence to prominence in rugby union, The Blitz defence relies on the whole defensive line moving forward towards their marked man as one as soon as the ball leaves the base of a ruck or maul. The charge is usually led by the inside centre. The idea of this technique is to prevent the attacking team gaining any ground by tackling them behind the gain line and forcing interceptions and charged down kicks. However, the defending team can be vulnerable to chip kicks and any player breaking the defensive line will have lots of space to play because the defences are running the other way and must stop, turn and chase. In many ways, the blitz is similar to the defence used in rugby league, a sport that Edwards had a significant background in, the technique has had great success for London Wasps with the team winning the Heineken Cup in 2003-04 and 2006-07, the Premiership title in 2003, 2004, 2005 and 2008 and the Anglo-Welsh Cup in 2006. Not only this, but this style of defence played a significant role in the 2008 Six Nations Grand Slam for the Welsh national team, who conceded only two tries over five games. This shows that innovative techniques developed form a knowledge of a verity of sporting backgrounds can be successful, in some cases innovation is needed on a different level rather than improving performance, in some cases it is needed to break social barrier, this arguable goes beyond the role of a good coach but an extra ordinary coach, don Haskins was the coach of Texas western collaged basketball team in the 1960s, a time of racial oppression for black people, however in the 1965-6 season, despite controversy and abuse, Hoskins build his team around choosing the best players regardless of race , in a time where teams would only use one or 2 token black players, Hoskins defied prejudice and made history by winning the NCAA Men’s Division I men’s basketball championship in 1966, becoming the first team with an all black starting five to win an NCAA basketball National Championship. The Miners defeated Kentucky 72-65 in the historic championship game, both examples show how innovation can work on different levels and how it impacts on sport, innovation is needed at all levels of sport whether it is just to make training more fun or to change the face of a sport, effective coaches will always find time to reflect on both their coaching and where necessary return to the role of a learner to further develop and improve their own knowledge and professional development to learn from coaches in other sports, such as in 2006 when the British lions coaching staff employed former freestyle wrestler Paul Stridgeon as a contact coach as a way to improve tackling by using techniques associated normally associated with wrestling Role Model – coaching is no longer just about improving performances, increasingly it is becoming about shaping a person, performers come from a verity of backgrounds and have different reasons for part, but typically watch and copy the actions of their coach, or in basic terms â€Å" monkey see monkey do† if a coach conducts themselves in a positive manner and maintains a strong work ethic and plays fair these characteristics are likely to rub off on the performer and the coach has had a positive effect on their performer/ athlete ,however if a coach acts in a negative way such as being brash cocky arrogant with a low regard for sporting etiquette then theses traits are also likely to rub off on the performer and the coach will have had a negative effect, especially with young performers who may look to the coach as for guidance and advice on a verity of issue thus making the coach a very influential individual. You read "What Makes a Good Coach" in category "Papers" I t is therefore important that a coach uses good practice in all they say and do, a coach should behave in a way that earns and maintains respect on a high level. Coaches have the potential to exert great influence on their team/ athletes, so therefore a coach must ensure that this influence is positive and not only improve the performance but improve the person, , a good role model will encourage fair play and sportsman ship to be of the same importance as results, Friend- coaches and performers spend a lot of time together. They share both positive and negative experiences with each other, and they will have to do this in a friendly and respectful environment, the performance environment can be extremely tough at times and athletes need someone to talk to help them cope with the demands of training and competing. The friend coach is needed to pick up they pieces after a difficult or disappointing performance and may need to be the outlet of emotion. The coach should help keep their performers feet on the ground in order for them to be successful. A coach that can be seen as a friend may be able to motivate a performer better than a coach who is seen as unapproachable, in most cases the performer will be highly self motivated and come for training / coaching sessions because they enjoy the sport and enjoy learning from the coaching experiences they get from the coach, however it is up to the coach to manage this environment in a way that maintains self motivation for the performer. To achieve this a good coach thinks about what motivates and drives their performer to perform to their best. Understanding why a person takes part in sport will enable a coach to create a coaching environment that is best suited to maintaining his/her motivation. This outcome can be achieved easier if the performer considers their coach their friend as they are more likely to open up and share their feelings and experiences with each other theses can then be implemented in the coaching environment where appropriate. An example of friendship between coach and performer be jonny Wilkinson and the friend ship he developed with 3 key coaches in his career : his Newcastle falcons coach rob Andrew, his kicking coach rob Andrew, and his fitness coach Steve black, all three have been able to develop a personal relationship with Wilkinson and have been able to use their friendship to pass on their experiences and further develop his career especially black who helped Wilkinson develop his work ethic towards training and perfection, Trainer- all performers need training whatever level they are at, it is the role of a good coach to provide that training. The coach’s role as a trainer is related to ensuring that their performers are able to meet physical demands of the sport they are competing in, in addition there is an ever increasing need for coaches to help performers meet the psychological demands of competitive sport, especially in an age where media attention on sports stars and the prizes have never been greater , for example a cricketer competing in India’s ipl can expect to win up to $1million if their team wins the tournament, this creates unimaginable amounts of pressure which could affect performance if not dealt with properly. Therefore the coach must be able to help a performer deal with this as a result there are more teams and athletes than ever that seek the assistance of a sports physiologist in their coaching staff , it is up to the coach to devise training schedules that help to develop the performers abilities both physically and mentally. The most common perception of the role of a trainer is the physical development of their performers. every sport places a physical demand on performers , there is evidence to support the belief that a performer cannot only improve sporting performance by focusing on developing sport specific fitness levels , but also improve their all-round health and well –being through well planned and well structured training schedules. A good coach should have a good understanding of the different fitness components , they should be able to devise training programmes/schedules, with clear progression and technical development that allows the performer to maintain and further develop all round good health , fitness and psychological wellbeing in order to cope with demands of their sport, It is vital for any coach to take on a series of responsibilities, like the role of a manager, there are many responsibilities included that a coach must apply in order for their performer/team to play safely/ legally , with no risks. It’s not just the coach who needs to focus on the responsibilities of the performers but it is everyone’s responsibility to ensure the safety of all within the sport. Some of the main responsibilities of a coach are : Health and Safety – all coaching sessions should take place with consideration being given to health and safety issues. they should take place in a safe environment that minimises risk and maximises benefit. Coaches are responsible for the health and safety of their performers/team. Coaches should have access to first aid facilities and able to have contact with the emergency services in the event of an emergency . the health a safety responsibilities can be split into three main components: safety of facilities – when preparing a session a coach must take into consideration the facilities in which the session is to take place e. g. is it safe to hold a contact session in rugby on a hot day when the ground is very hard,. A coach must ensure the activity can be done safely within the area with the equipment available, a coach must be aware of emergency procedures that need to be followed and what to do in the event of an emergency, basically the coach must undertake a full risk assessment of the area and ensure they know how to deal with any incident that may arise. Safety of the activity- a good coach should select practices that are safe and technically correct. Activities should not pos unnecessary risk to the performer. When selecting activities a coach should take into consideration that performers must undertake a thorough and appropriate warm up before physical activity, performers should not be made to perform activities they are not physically or technically capable of, activities should allways remain within the rules of the sport e. g. f doing a tackling session in rugby the same rules should be applied as in a game no high tackles no spearing or dangerous tackling, activities that are unsa fe not technically correct or go against the rules of the sport should never be allowed. safety of the performer – if a coach appropriately addresses the safety issues related to the venue, equipment, and selected activities, the safety of the performer will have been addressed. However the coach should still remain aware of potential risks so that the safety of the perfomer is never compromised. Professional conduct The coach is person of authority and power, therefore it is important that a coach knows how to use this authority and power in the right way and not to abuse it. Unfortunately however there have been coaches that have used their position to achieve unfair and inappropriate gains, trailing 6-5 During the quarter final of the 2009 Heineken Cup against Leinster, Harlequins wing Tom Williams came off the field with what turned out to be a faked blood injury in order to facilitate a tactical substitution , that allowed fly half nick evens to return the pitch after already being replaced to the pitch, it turned out to be ordered by director of rugby Dean Richards, so that quins had a goal kicker back on the pitch the plan nearly payed off when quins took a late attempt at goal but evens missed. this was a gross abuse of the rules and severe action was taken against both harlequins and Richards, Richards has been banned from taking part in rugby in any way for 2 years. It is a coaches responsibility to ensure they behave in an appropriate manner and practice within the boundaries of acceptability at all times. Coaches should demonstrate a profession al approach to their performers and ensure that they are are fair, honest and considerate to the performers needs, like many professions coaching promotes a code of conduct . this ensures coaches act in an ethical and professional manner at all times. The uk sport code of coaching conduct stresses the importance of of: †¢Rights; to respect and champion the rights of everyone in sport †¢Relationships; to develop professional honest relationships with performers †¢Responsibility; to demonstrate appropriate professional behavior and conduct and achieve a high level of competence through qualifications and continued professional development Professional conduct is important as a coach must behave in an appropriate manner or they risk losing the respect of the performers, lose respect and expect to be losing your job! Good coaches should always act professionally All coaches need to be able to carry out a series of skills to be considered as a good coach. Communication – communication is a key skill for any coach perhaps even the most important, a coach may be an expert tactician but what use is that if they can’t communicate with their performers . performers need to understand what is needed from them, a coach should be able to explain a task in clear and composed voice, some coaches believe this is enough however there is a lot more to it. Communication is a 2 way process giving a signal, whether it be verbal or non verbal, is just as important as it being received, so that it can be listened to and understood. How the coach send the signal can have a big impact on how effective the signal is. Coaches communicate in two main ways :verbal: characterised by the use of the spoken word, and most coaches are defiantly able to talk, especially if your name is roy keane or Brendan venter ! Varying the pace, tone and volume of what is said can be key getting a message across. Also remember that that repetitive shouting does not make communication more effective, it may infact have a negative effect as the performer may find it boring and start ignoring it. Non verbal: involves alternative ways of sending a signal, gesture facial expressions and body language are the most common, a lot of coaches are les adept at using non verbal communication , effective non verbal communication is a sign of a good coach, a well timed facial expression can say more than a thousand words. In competitive situations non verbal communication may be the only way of communication with performers. If you want to see a good non verbal Ferguson. Constantly in a game a coach will be communicating with their performers. Never ever will a coach not be communicating with them, its key to speak to your performers, you also need to be able to give effective non verbal commands To be a good coach here are some good communication points, that can be looked at: Organisation – : An effective coach is well organised. Organisation is important, for performers need someone to organises training sessions/ programmes, and fixtures. In a lot of cases this role falls to the coach. Even before a session begins a good coach should be well organised, they should know what they are going to to, farcicalities ad equipment needed, what drills will be carried out and who is going to be coached e. g. if there is a performer who is coming back from an injury or someone who has a big game/ race in the next few days should have a different session planned by the coach. Good organisation before a coaching session will ensure the session runs smoothly and that everyones is doing the right thing in the right place at the right time. A lot of coaches will say that the administration side of the job is the least enjoyable part . however organisation is of equal importance to the other aspects of coaching if not more important, without organisation there is no training or fixtures . It goes without saying , a coaching session cannot take place without the facilities and equipment being booked, equally a participant cannot compete unless they have actually been entered . a good coach may reduce their workload by delegating the organisational aspects to parents or other club members. This allows for the coach to focus more of their time on the actual coaching aspect of their job. If you need some tips improve your organisation as a coach read below Evaluation- a good coach will always be willing and keen to pass comment on the performers ability and performance. And will always be assessing what has gone well and what needs to be improved to better that performance. An example of this is former England rugby coach would always look to find the positives his team’s performance, must of been hard considering that under his reign England were usually on the wrong end of terrible results! However a good coach should also be evaluating their own performance but coaches rarely will, and if they do, they will usually only focus on what has gone well . for evaluation to be effective it needs to be impartial and clearly identify not only what went well but what didn’t go so well and needs to be improved. Honesty is key to any evaluation it will allow the coach to learn from their own mistakes and improve their coaching skills thus benefitting their performer As we know that coaches needs to develop a lot of roles, responsibilities and skills to be an excellent and successful coach. It’s has been looked at that a coach s needs to be evaluating their performers progression in whatever they do. If we were to analyse a what make a good coach there are many aspects we need to look at, such as health and safety, communication ,these aspects couldn’t possibly be stressed enough. There is then also organisation building long and short term plans for the performer, making sure that there stay interested and done feel tired and fed up with what is being done by the coach. Friend ship is also key a coach who is a friend can have much more impact than a coach who is just an outsider . coach also needs to show they have knowledge and experience of the sport that they are doing. A knowledgeable coach is always a good coach. A coach always needs to see the bigger picture and relay the ideas the coach has on to the performers and then the feedback comes back from the performers and then the coach can see then what went wrong with what there just did, that covers evaluation. In conclusion there is not one aspect that creates a good coach, as each aspect is of equal importance. in fact to be a good coach you need All the responsibilities, roles and skills come to together nicely; this shows what makes a good coach and how achieve able they may come. How to cite What Makes a Good Coach, Papers

Saturday, April 25, 2020

The Catcher In The Rye Essays (2239 words) - Literary Realism

The Catcher In The Rye The theme that the world has an outward appearance that seems fair and perfect but really they're as Holden put it "phonies." This is shown countless amount of times in his journey through New York and even before he left. The setting is in the 1950's; so I'm pretty sure that he didn't encounter any transvestites, lesbians, or anything that extreme of phoniest. Or on the other hand he could have liked them for being as Elmemson said a "none conformist." But I doubt it, he seemed to like kids more than anything. And his job, as he felt, was to protect them in their innocents; of which I will talk about in my second theme. The first example that stands out in my mind is the scene with Stradlater in the "can." If you remember Stradlater was getting ready for his other date while Holden watched him. "Stradlater was a secret slob" in public he always looked good and got all the girls but in fact he was a slob. His razor that made him look so good was "rusty as hell and full on lather and hair and crap." This proves that he is a slob to "never clean it or anything." If you think about it that's even worst than Old Ackley. At least Ackley knew that he had a problem, that he need to do something about his face; but Stradlater thought that he was a great guy. He actually thought that there was nothing wrong with never washing his razor. I think that what mad, Holden so made Stradlater was perpetrating in other word being "phony" every time he went out all GQ after using that filthy razor. Another instance is when he calls that girl in New York, Faith Cavendish, that Eddie Birdsell had brought to a dance at Princeton. Anyway he called her and she almost went off until Holden drooped Eddie's name. Then all of a sudden "she was getting friendly as hell." The same person said "if you think I enjoy bein' woke up in the middle-" was "getting an english accent all of a sudden." I think Holden caught her with her fa?ade down. When she first picked up the phone she was mad as anybody else would be in her shoes. But as soon as she processed "Eddie Birdsell from Princeton" she became so amicable. She most of thought that a friend of Eddie, from Princeton, most have been rich or at lest well off. Faith was all ready to hook up with him for a date until she asked "Where ya callin' from? Where ya at now, anyways?" And "in a phone booth" was the wrong answer. When he said that she new he had no money and from that point on she had no time to meet up any more. This is a good example of the phoniest that Holden will talk about all through book. Oh and one I almost missed it is a little before the conversation with Faith it is a very important event. When J.D. Salinger had Holden look about of the window I think it was a big simile, of which I think about more in theme number 3, of the theme of the book. I'm sure Holden didn't ride all the way to New York to pick a run down hotel. So I take it when he drove up it probably looked good on the outside. He even "took it off [referring to the red hunting hat] before I checked inI didn't want to look like a screwball or something." So we can assume it was nice, or at lest on the outside. Salinger even throw Holden foreshadowed a little in the line "I didn't know then that the goddam hotel was full of perverts and morons." The first guy he saw out his room window "took out all these women's clothes, and put them on." Then he started walking around like a women, smoking a cigarette, and looking in the mirror. And now I guest I have to take back my sentence about transvestites in the opening paragraph. Second he saw a couple squiring water and "they